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What Causes Bartholin Cysts?

Bartholin cysts are a relatively common gynecological condition that can cause discomfort and pain in women. These cysts develop when the Bartholin glands, located on either side of the vaginal opening, become blocked or obstructed. Several factors can contribute to the formation of Bartholin cysts:

Infection: Infection is one of the primary causes of Bartholin cysts. When the ducts that normally drain the fluid produced by the Bartholin glands become infected, they can become blocked, leading to the formation of a cyst. Bacterial infections, including sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea or chlamydia, can be a contributing factor.

Inflammation: Inflammatory conditions, such as chronic vaginitis, can lead to swelling and blockage of the ducts, resulting in a cyst.

Trauma: Physical injury to the genital area can sometimes trigger the development of Bartholin cysts.

Bartholin cysts may vary in size and can be asymptomatic or cause pain and discomfort. In cases where a cyst becomes painful or infected, medical evaluation and potential treatment, such as drainage or antibiotics, may be necessary. Consulting a healthcare provider is crucial for proper diagnosis and management of Bartholin cysts.

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